Top 20 China Jewelry and Gemstone Production Bases

1. Guangzhou Panyu: World Jewelry Production Base

After nearly thirty years of development, Panyu's jewelry processing industry has become a leading jewelry manufacturing base in China and Southeast Asia. With over 400 jewelry companies and 1600 processing factories, Panyu employs nearly 100,000 people. Panyu ranks first in the country in terms of annual jewelry processing and export volume, making it a crucial global jewelry industry base. Approximately 70 tons of colored gemstones are used annually, making Panyu the world's important jewelry production base. The "Panyu Manufacturing" accounts for about 95% of Hong Kong's jewelry brand products.

2. Guangzhou Huadu: Capital of Chinese Jewelry

Starting in 2001, Huadu's jewelry industry has gathered professional production enterprises of diamonds, gold, platinum, silver, crystal, semi-precious stones, pearls, agate, and jade from around the world. It has become an important jewelry and jewelry production and processing base, raw material distribution center, and international information exchange center in southern China. Huadu has been awarded titles such as "Capital of Chinese Jewelry" and "Chinese Jewelry and Jade Jewelry Characteristic Industry Base."

3. Shenzhen Luohu: Hub of Gold and Jewelry Industry

Luohu, Shenzhen's gold and jewelry industry aggregation base, concentrates 70% of Shenzhen's jewelry production enterprises, forming a complete industrial chain. It has become a preferred destination for jewelry purchase, processing, and trading for domestic and international jewelry merchants. Luohu dominates the national market with 70% of the gold and jewelry jewelry trade, leading in Shenzhen and the national jewelry industry. The Shuibei Wanshan Industrial Zone, covering an area of 566,300 square meters, is the core area of Shenzhen Luohu's gold and jewelry industry aggregation base.

4. Guangdong Shunde Lunjiao: China's Jewelry Processing Base

As one of the earliest jewelry investment origins and a major jewelry processing base, Lunjiao's jewelry industry is supported by well-known domestic and foreign companies and brands like Zhou Dafu, Chow Sang Sang, and Wanhui Jewelry. There are over 70 jewelry production and trade enterprises in the area, leading to a significant industrial cluster effect. It has been recognized as a "Chinese Jewelry and Jade Jewelry Characteristic Industry Base."

5. Guangdong Pingzhou: China's Largest Jade Market

Pingzhou Jade Street is famous within the industry and has the largest sales volume nationwide, ranking first among the four major jade markets in China. It is renowned for processing high-quality jadeite A-grade raw jade. Jade bracelets are a significant feature of Pingzhou. The jade market consists of Jade Street, Jade Building, and Cui Bao Garden. Due to its large market size, businesses from all over the country, including those originally engaged in jade trade in Sihui, Guangzhou, and Jieyang, may establish distribution points here.

6. Guangdong Sihui: China's Largest Jadeite Processing Base

Located in Sihui City, a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province, Sihui Jadeite Street is composed of Jadeite Street, Jadeite City, Tianguang Market, and Sihui International. Local businesses and traders in jadeite come from Sihui, Henan, and Fujian. Jadeite Street and Jadeite City offer various jadeite products, including bracelets, pendants, ornaments, and egg-faced items. Sihui is known for having a significant number of ornaments, with an entire section dedicated to it in Jadeite City.

7. Zhejiang Zhuji: Hometown of Chinese Pearls

Zhuji's freshwater pearl cultivation began in the late 1960s, and after nearly 40 years of development, it has formed an integrated industry operation pattern with breeding bases as the foundation, professional markets as the leader, processing enterprises as the backbone, and supporting social services. Zhuji has become China's largest freshwater pearl cultivation, processing, and trading base, with the largest professional market for pearls and pearl jewelry. In 1996, it was named the "Hometown of Chinese Pearls" by the Development Research Center of the State Council.

8. Zhejiang Qingtian: Chinese Qingtian Stone Production and Trade Base

Qingtian stone, with its warm texture, suitable fragility, rich colors, and unique patterns, is an ideal material for both seal carving and stone carving arts. Through generations of skilled craftsmen, Qingtian has developed a traditional craft art form known as Qingtian stone carving. The industry has over 30,000 workers, with more than 100 artists holding mid to high-level professional titles. Products are exported to over 50 countries and regions, making Qingtian stone carving an industry with a reputation both at home and abroad.

9. Guangxi Wuzhou: World Artificial Gem Capital

Wuzhou, located in eastern Guangxi, is known as "Little Hong Kong," "Centennial Commercial Port," and the "Water Gateway of Guangxi." It mainly processes synthetic cubic zirconia-based artificial gems, accounting for about 80% of China's annual output and 70% worldwide. Wuzhou processes distributes, and trades more than 12 billion artificial gemstones annually, making it the world's largest artificial gemstone processing and distribution center.

10. Yunnan Tengchong: China's Number One Jadeite Township

Tengchong is the birthplace of the jadeite processing industry and has a history of over 400 years in jade carving. With nearly 300 jade carving workshops and about 5,000 workers, Tengchong has companies holding jadeite ZZ operating rights, and the number of individuals engaged in the jade and stone trade exceeds a thousand. The entire jade carving process has been mechanized, significantly improving efficiency and advancing the craft's level. Many jade carving crafts are sold in batches across the country and around the world.

11. Yunnan Ruili: China's Largest Jewelry and Jade Trade Center

Yunnan has historically been a hub for jewelry and jade distribution, processing, and sales. Ruili, positioned as a strategic outpost, has developed into one of China's largest centers for carving, processing, and trading in jewelry and jade. With over 5,000 jewelry businesses and more than 35,000 employees, Ruili's jewelry industry has surpassed 3 billion yuan in output value, earning it the titles of "China's Characteristic Industry Base for Jewelry and Jade" and "Yunnan Province Cultural Industry Feature City."

12. Yunnan Longling: Hometown of Huanglong Jade

In an effort to establish Longling as China's largest distribution center for Huanglong Jade, the county committee and government have planned the southern part of the county seat as a professional trading center for Huanglong Jade. This area covers 228.45 acres and includes projects such as a jade city, Huanglong Jade public trading center, jade inspection and appraisal center, Huanglong Jade research institute, Huanglong Jade museum, and some commercial-residential buildings and property-style hotels. Longling's Huanglong Jade industry has formed a large-scale production, processing, and sales network centered around the original producing area, radiating to surrounding areas and even the entire country.

13. Hubei Zhushan: China's Malachite Township

Zhushan County has malachite reserves of around 100,000 tons, with raw and finished products accounting for more than 70% of the national market and 50% of the global market. The malachite is mainly distributed in 14 towns, including Qingu, Majia Du, and Yanshui in the county. Notably, the reserves in these areas are concentrated, with distinct layers and high ore grades, averaging 1.6 to 2.4 kg/m³. The malachite's positive rate exceeds 70%, and the low-quality class is below 10%. Zhushan's malachite artworks are known for their high purity, color, texture, carving ability, and ease of shaping, gaining recognition nationwide and worldwide.

14. Liaoning Xiuyan: China's Largest Jade Raw Material Distribution Center

Xiuyan's jade reserves are approximately 3 million tons, comprising tremolite jade (old jade, river-milled jade, stone-packed jade), serpentinite jade (Xiuyan jade, flower jade, yellow jade, etc.), and a mixed body of tremolite jade and serpentinite jade (jadeite). Xiuyan is the largest jade production area in China, accounting for over 80% of the national industry's total production and sales. Six major jade markets, including "Jade Capital," "Lotus Jade Market," "Northeast Jade Trading Center," "Jade Carving Fine Arts Garden," "Wanrun Jade Carving Garden," and "Hada Jade Street," have been established in Xiuyan. The local government has set up the Xiuyan Gemstone Association for the standardized management of resources, processing, markets, and technology in the jade industry.

15. Liaoning Fuxin: China's Agate Capital

Located in western Liaoning, Fuxin is China's primary agate-producing area, processing center, and distribution hub for agate products. The rich agate resources account for over 50% of the national reserves, and they boast excellent quality. Fuxin's agate culture has a deep history, with artifacts made of agate found in the Cha Hai site dating back 7,600 years, indicating that the Cha Hai people were among the earliest in the world to recognize and use agate. Currently, Fuxin's agate art has formed seven series with over 200 varieties and thousands of styles, with the "Elegant and Active" ("Yahuo") series standing out as a typical artistic feature.

16. Inner Mongolia Chifeng: Balin Stone Base

Chifeng's Balin Stone industry has grown from small to large and from weak to strong, gradually forming a characteristic industrial cluster. Balin Stone City has become a nationally renowned center for trading Balin Stone's raw materials and crafts in the most prosperous area of Chifeng. The Balin Stone Museum attracts domestic and foreign tourists with its Balin Stone carvings, chicken blood stones, Fu Huang stones, seals, ornamental stones, and other exquisite products, making it an important venue for hosting domestic and foreign merchants and visitors.

17. Shandong Changle: China's Largest Wholesale and Trading Center for Sapphires

Changle's sapphire mining area covers over 450 square kilometers, with reserves totaling several billion carats, occupying one-third of the total county area. The rich sapphire region has a high ore grade of above 30 grams/cubic meter. Changle sapphires are characterized by their large size, intact crystals, pure color, distinct dichroism, and a variety of unique gemstones, making them popular among domestic and international jewelry merchants and consumers. In 2014, the county's gold jewelry industry processed 40 million carats of jewelry and 150 tons of gold, achieving a processing and trading value exceeding 60 billion yuan. Changle has 1,600 jewelry processing and business enterprises, employing over 50,000 people. The China (Changle) International Gem Fair hosted 82,600 visitors and buyers, with an actual transaction value of 3.28 billion yuan and an intended transaction value of 4.85 billion yuan.

18. Jiangsu Donghai: Crystal Capital of China

Donghai boasts unique mineral resources, with the discovery of 37 types of minerals. Abundant resources include approximately 300 million tons of quartz and 300,000 tons of crystal, constituting over 70% of the national storage. The crystal content reaches an impressive 99.99%, positioning Donghai as a leader in both quantity and quality nationwide. Known as the "Crystal Capital of China," Donghai's renowned "Crystal King," weighing a substantial 4.35 tons, is on display at the China Geological Museum. To meet the demand for crystal sales, Donghai has established a preliminary crystal trading market, with Crystal City at its core, complemented by centers such as the Holiday Plaza Fine Jewelry Center, International Jewelry City, Tiancheng International Crystal Plaza, and Quyang Crystal Street.

19. Suzhou Xiangcheng: China's Pearl Industry Base

"Suzhou Xiangcheng's pearls lead the world, with pearls from Xiangcheng renowned far and wide." Xiangcheng's pearl industry began in the 1970s and was established in 1984 in the West Hejiawan of Weitang Town. In 2005, the local government invested 1.28 billion yuan to build the current China Pearl and Gemstone City Phase I project, which officially opened on September 26, 2005. Currently, Xiangcheng's Pearl City employs over 10,000 people, and its pearl products are exported to countries such as Japan, South Korea, the United States, Russia, India, and Canada, as well as regions like Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan.

20. Henan Zhenping: Hometown of Chinese Jade Carving

Zhenping County has a long history and a vast scale in jade carving processing, earning it the title of "Hometown of Chinese Jade Carving" designated by the nation. Jade carving can be found across all 22 towns and townships in the county, spanning nearly a hundred administrative villages. With 50 specialized jade carving villages and a workforce of 200,000 people, Zhenping processes over 30 types of jade materials, producing more than 5,000 varieties in three major series: figures, landscapes, flowers and birds, historical stories, and realistic depictions. The county boasts 10 jade carving professional markets, over 21,000 jade carving processing enterprises, over 100 packaging enterprises, and more than 20,000 various retail outlets. It has become the largest production and sales center for craft products, primarily jade carving, with a complementary development of comprehensive industries such as bone carving, wood carving, and imitation ancient bronzes.


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